The Annotated Dracula, A Close Reading Strategy

Dracula by Bram Stoker, Annotations by Mort Castle (Writer’s Digest Annotated Classics)  [And The Annotated Jane Eyre]

Book Review and Commentary  July 5, 2016


If you’ve never read an annotated novel, that is a close and intimate read of the story, you’re missing out on a highly instructive look inside the mind of the writer. In this case, Bram Stoker.

Annotated novels are like a mini course in storytelling and create a deep understanding of fiction from all aspects. Mystery, suspense, and horror writers, this annotated version of Dracula explores the clever structure, techniques, themes, characterization, plot, setting, and dialogue of the most famous and esteemed novelist of our time.


Mort Castle, a two-time winner of the Bram Stoker Award and recipient of the Black Quill Award has been in this writing business for some fifty years and has published novels, short stories, articles in the horror genre. So his expert analysis of Dracula is not only a formidable task but a comprehensive one.

I began reading this annotated version because I wanted to get into the head of a mystery writer of the occult. Who better than Bram Stoker.? Some readers today find Dracula (written in 1897) to be melodramatic, overwritten, and dry at times. When I first read it many years ago, I did find some of that to be true.  So, what will you as a writer gain from reading this annotated version? Or as a reader?

Begin here:












In epistolary fashion, Stoker opens the story almost in medias res.  Mort Castle points out where and how Stoker seeds the suspense elements into the opening narrative. It is a skilled use of understatement and linking of the supernatural into the real world. And I didn’t see it until Castle discusses it in his marginal red notes.

Castle goes on to isolate the layers of the suspense within the text, identifying the pace as it picks up, and how Stoker slows it down to heighten the suspense. The chapters, as they wrap up, are enlightening in how Stoker chooses to end certain chapters on an up or down note, or on a neutral tone but still gives the reader enough pulse to make you turn the page. The patterns in Stoker’s writing were a surprise to me and in a novel this long, it really illustrates the intricacies of how he weaves them into the plot, and, Castle points out how best to use these patterns.

Characterizations of Harker, Mina, Van Helsing, Dr. Seward, and Renfield are iconic.  They all have a unique role to play and yet Dracula himself becomes the center of the narrative. Part of the trick is balancing all these characters’ points of view and their evolutions, including Dr. Seward’s hero’s journey that is paced into the subtext. Very smooth.

If you know the story, you could read only the red annotations in themselves and still get a rich insight to the writing. Some of Castle’s remarks are witty and precise; others are a little corny and too cute. I can tell you this, the book is a literary tour for vampire fans and devoted horror writers.

Bram Stoker wrote 11 novels in his lifetime.

To be totally honest, though, I preferred the Annotated Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte, Annotations by K.M. Weiland for a superb analysis into storytelling.


Weiland gets quickly into the “dramatic question” and how Bronte weaves and bobs this question throughout the story and flows it into the soul of the character Jane. A series of seamless moves by a master writer. Foreshadowing? Bronte uses everything from the five senses to weather as a mirror to the settings, and Weiland’s remarks are highly instructive on how Bronte crafts it. I especially like how Weiland handles “the lie” that all characters believe at the beginning of a story. Narrative arc, doubt, false peace, curiosity all play into the suspense to address this lie.

Bronte’s “Three Plot Points” are really clear from the annotations: First plot point is the catalyst that rocks Jane to react. Second plot point is the centerpiece where Jane gets knocked down. Third plot point is the highest point of crisis for Jane and she must go forward.

Want to learn how Bronte creates suspense in five steps? Weiland gives you this: 1. Something happens or will happen. 2. Withhold explanations. 3. Tease the readers with hints. 4. Promise you will tell the readers, then stall with logical delays. 5. Raise the stakes that will put the character at risk.

Literary analysis is an adventure in itself. If you are a writer like me, a writer who is always looking to improve your skills and write the best novel you can with memorable characters, annotated novels is one way to go. An annotated novel pulls a story apart at the seams to expose the separate pieces and puts it back together so you can view the whole masterpiece. And all for under $25.00.


Do leave a comment!

My Recommended List of the Best Writing Books I’ve Read.

How to Write Like Chekhov, Advice and Inspiration, Straight From His Own Letter and Work. Edited by Piero Brunello and Lena Lencek  (book review here)
Steering the Craft, A 21st-Century Guide to Sailing
     the Sea of Story, Ursula K. Le Guin (book review here)
Writing Wild, Tina Welling (book review here)
Writing Down the Bones, Natalie Goldberg (book review here)
Method Writing, Jack Grapes (book review here)
Zen in the Art of Writing, Ray Bradbury (book review here)
On Writing, A Memoir, Stephen King (book review here)

Writing Fiction, A Guide to Narrative Craft, by Janet Burroway. All the basics of how to write: the writing process, show vs. tell, characterization, fictional atmosphere and place, story structure and plot, point of view, theme, and revision.
Story, Robert McKee
Story Trumps StructureSteven James
The Fire in Fiction, Donald Maass
The Art of Fiction, John Gardner (I reread this book once a year, it’s that good)
Making Shapely Fiction, Jerome Stern
The Art of Character, David Corbett
Getting into Character, Brandilyn Collins
The Secret Miracle, the Novelist’s Handbook, edited by Daniel Alarcon
Becoming a Writer, Dorothea Brande
The Faith of a Writer, Life, Craft, Art, Joyce Carole Oates
If You Want to Write, Brenda Ueland
Reading like a Writer, Francine Prose
Elements of Style, Strunk & White

Best Editing Books for Writers:
Self-Editing for Fiction Writers, Renni Browne & Dave King
A Dash of Style, Noah Lukeman
The Grammar Bible, Michael Strumpf & Auriel Douglas
Line by Line, Claire Kehrwald Cook
The Careful Writer, Theodore M. Bernstein
Fowler’s Modern English Usage, Second Edition, Ernest Gowers
Chicago Manual of Style
Words Into Type, Third Edition, Skillin & Gay



Dialogue, The Art of Verbal Action for the Page, Stage, and Screen

by Robert McKee  


Filed under classic horror stories, fiction, Fiction Writing, horror, horror blogs, literary horror, psychological horror, Reading Fiction, short story blogs, supernatural, vampires, werewolves

26 responses to “The Annotated Dracula, A Close Reading Strategy

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  8. Jade

    Hi Paula!

    I read a lot of books on writing and already bought the Jane Eyre edition. I’m considering buying Dracula also but have read another review that said the annotations were not so useful to an aspiring writer, and more opinions of Castle and commentary for readers. What did you think of the annotations? I’m not so interested in reading Dracula, but was hoping to learn more about writing from the book.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Hi Jade. The reason I read Castle’s Dracula was because I wanted insight on specifics of horror writing. And while there’s clearly some good points to learn about writing for suspense and supernatural elements, I think Weiland’s is still superior for all aspects of novel writing, as she covered everything that Castle did and more. Castle’s annotations were witty and amusing to read and I liked how he emphasized where Stoker threaded the suspense and story questions throughout regarding the believability of supernatural powers. This is the key to horror writing, to be totally convincing about what is outside the normal world. Stoker mastered it so that was the draw for me. Castle deconstructed the novel so I could see the where, how, and why of the supernatural elements. Unless you are writing horror or supernatural, I don’t see Castle’s book as having anything more than Weiland’s. Hope this helps.


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  10. I’d like to read the annotated Dracula. And then I’d like as an exercise to go through two of Stoker’s subsequent novels, The Jewel of Seven Stars and The Lair of the White Worm, to explain exactly how Stoker, still trying to use the same sort of complex plotting, fell down completely.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Brian, I can say that Castle spends a lot of time on characterization and the psychology of the characters that drive the plot. And Stoker’s characters are consistencly evolving as the story moves, or should I say as they move the story. And research was another really comprehensive driving force and how professional and authoritative these characters were. Stoker supposedly outlined his novel. At the end of the book, Castle gives and example of what Chapter One might look like if outlined.

      Liked by 1 person

  11. There is the Norton’s “Annotated Alice in Wonderland,” as well as Morton Cohen’s edition. I find the Victorians useful in these troublous times.

    Liked by 1 person

  12. Janet Burroway’s book is my hands-down favorite on the craft of writing.

    Great post on literary analysis and Jane Eyre. As for Dracula, um no. I guess I’ll never understand the vampire obsession.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Thank you, Jean, for your comment. The Annotated Jane Eyre is unbeatable for quality. It’s a book that you could pick up once a year and read through the annotations as a refresher course.


  13. I never knew annotated books were available. I’d love to read the one on Dracula.

    Liked by 1 person

    • There’s not a lot of them out there. Traditionally most annotated books are annotations that emphasize the historical and cultural values rather than the structure of the writing. I keep my eye out for more but right now, Writer’s Digest has only these two.


  14. Mort castle

    Much appreciated!

    Liked by 1 person


    Vehrrrrry in-teh-rrrrrresting. Sleep in peace.

    Liked by 1 person

  16. Lisa Dee

    Okay, you’re convincing me to get these books. I am a big Dracula fan, of Jane Eyre not so much.

    Liked by 1 person

  17. Katherine, I give the Jane Eyre Annotated 6 stars. The Dracula Annotated 4 stars. What an incredible 4 weeks with these books!


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